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Ebook The Correspondence of Michael Faraday, Volume 4: 1849-1855 by Michael Faraday read! Book Title: The Correspondence of Michael Faraday, Volume 4: 1849-1855
The author of the book: Michael Faraday
Language: English
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 19.19 MB
Edition: Institution of Engineering & Technology
Date of issue: December 1st 1999
ISBN: 0863412513
ISBN 13: 9780863412516

Read full description of the books The Correspondence of Michael Faraday, Volume 4: 1849-1855:

This collection, in which nearly two-thirds of the letters are previously unpublished, includes discussion of Faraday's work on terrestrial and atmospheric magnetism, his theory of telegraphic retardation, his advice to the British government concerning the war against Russia, and his possible second exclusion from the Sandemanian Church. Major correspondents include the Astronomer Royal G.B. Airy, the chemist Thomas Andrews, the Secretary of the Royal Institution John Barlow, the physician Henry Bruce Jones, the Genevan politician August De La Rive, the French chemist and politician J.B. Dumas, the mathematician Charles Babbage, the engineer I.K. Brunel, and Cambridge philosopher William Whewell.
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Ebook The Correspondence of Michael Faraday, Volume 4: 1849-1855 read Online! Michael Faraday, FRS (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) was an English scientist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. His main discoveries include those of electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and electrolysis.

Although Faraday received little formal education, he was one of the most influential scientists in history. It was by his research on the magnetic field around a conductor carrying a direct current that Faraday established the basis for the concept of the electromagnetic field in physics. Faraday also established that magnetism could affect rays of light and that there was an underlying relationship between the two phenomena. He similarly discovered the principle of electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism, and the laws of electrolysis. His inventions of electromagnetic rotary devices formed the foundation of electric motor technology, and it was largely due to his efforts that electricity became practical for use in technology.

As a chemist, Faraday discovered benzene, investigated the clathrate hydrate of chlorine, invented an early form of the Bunsen burner and the system of oxidation numbers, and popularised terminology such as anode, cathode, electrode, and ion. Faraday ultimately became the first and foremost Fullerian Professor of Chemistry at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, a lifetime position.

Faraday was an excellent experimentalist who conveyed his ideas in clear and simple language; his mathematical abilities, however, did not extend as far as trigonometry or any but the simplest algebra. James Clerk Maxwell took the work of Faraday and others, and summarized it in a set of equations that is accepted as the basis of all modern theories of electromagnetic phenomena. On Faraday's uses of the lines of force, Maxwell wrote that they show Faraday "to have been in reality a mathematician of a very high order – one from whom the mathematicians of the future may derive valuable and fertile methods." The SI unit of capacitance, the farad, is named in his honour.

Albert Einstein kept a picture of Faraday on his study wall, alongside pictures of Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell. Physicist Ernest Rutherford stated; "When we consider the magnitude and extent of his discoveries and their influence on the progress of science and of industry, there is no honour too great to pay to the memory of Faraday, one of the greatest scientific discoverers of all time".

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